A Commentary on Plutarch's De Latenter Vivendo by Geert Roskam

By Geert Roskam

Plutarch's De latenter vivendo is the one extant paintings from antiquity within which Epicurus' well-known perfect of an "unnoticed lifestyles" (lathe biosas) is characterised. additionally, the quick rhetorical paintings presents a lot attention-grabbing information regarding Plutarch's polemical recommendations and approximately his personal philosophical convictions within the domain names of ethics, politics, metaphysics, and eschatology.In this ebook, Plutarch's anti-Epicurean polemic is known opposed to the history of the former philosophical culture. An exam of Epicurus' personal place is by way of a dialogue of Plutarch's polemical predecessors (Timocrates, Cicero, the early Stoics, and Seneca) and contemporaries (Epictetus), and through a systematical and distinct research of Plutarch's personal arguments. The remark deals more information and parallel passages (both from Plutarch's personal works and from different authors) that remove darkness from the textual content.

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Dial. 8,3,2-3 = fr. ; cf. also Cicero, rep. 1,10 and 1,11) “Epicurus says: ‘The wise man will not engage in public affairs unless something occurs’ ”. (transl. W. Basore, modified) Pace G. Castelli (1969), 20. To give but one example, he was informed about the presence of the Stoics Persaeus and Philonides at Antigonus’ court (Diog. Laert. 7,9 = fr. ); cf. further H. L. Silvestre (1995). P. Fowler (1989), 134-135 and 137-140; on the vague phrase patriai tempore iniquo, see esp. M. Erler (1994c), 400 (“In diesem Zusammenhang wird bisweilen auf das Proömium des ersten Buches (bes.

How did he deal with it? One can presume that he did his utmost to prevent the definitive rift. Philodemus in any case underlines the irenic attitude which Epicurus usually adopted in such conflict situations (De Epic. [PHerc. 1289β], col. ), and it is hard to see why the case of Timocrates would have been different. Probably other members of the community at Lampsacus also tried to prevent escalation of the conflict through diplomatic interventions. Leonteus, for instance, may have acted as a mediator, remaining impartial to both sides (Scriptor Epic.

II, 155, fr. ). Lucretius explicitly promotes parere quietum as his ideal (5,1129-1130). Colotes even argued that conformity to the doctrines of other philosophers actually makes life impossible and at the end of his work applied this thesis also to the domain of politics (Plutarch, Adv. Colot. 1124D). The implication of his work, dedicated most likely to Ptolemy II 39, is that only the Epicurean philosopher respects and guarantees social and political order. According to Philodemus, the Epicurean philosopher also has a part to play as adviser to the politician.

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