A Derivational Syntax for Information Structure by Luis López

By Luis López

During this quantity, Luis López sheds new gentle on details constitution and makes an important contribution to paintings on grammatical operations within the Minimalist software. via a cautious research of dislocations and concentration fronting in Romance, the writer indicates that notions resembling 'topic' and 'focus', as frequently outlined, yield no predictions and proposes as a substitute a characteristic process in accordance with the notions 'discourse anaphor' and 'contrast'. He offers an in depth version of syntax---information-structure interplay and argues that this interplay happens on the section point, with a privileged function for the sting of the section. extra, he investigates phenomena in regards to the syntax of items in Romance and Germanic - accusative A, p-movement, clitic doubling, scrambling, item shift - and exhibits that there are cross-linguistic correlations among syntactic configuration and specificity, autonomous of discourse connectedness. the amount ends with a longer research of the syntax of dislocations in Romance.

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Thus, I argue that while the edges of phases are interface points where obligatory interpretation rules apply, movement to phase-internal positions can enlarge the available interpretations of objects because they can be bound or anchored (von Heusinger 2002) to higher constituents. But phase-internal positions do not seem to be positions of interface with interpretive modules. , because they cannot be anchored or bound in that position, maybe because of some form of incorporation (van Geenhoven 1996).

3. There is structural asymmetry between antecedent and anaphor. The Wrst goal of this section is to argue that CLLD and CLRD are strongly anaphoric. Clause 1 is self-explanatory: CLLD and CLRD must link to an 11 This seems like a good opportunity to point out that I did not invent the idea of using binary features to study information structure. Choi (1997) and Villalba (2000) used them before. Their systems, however, are markedly diVerent from mine. Information structure 39 antecedent. 12 Clauses 2 and 3 have not been discussed in the literature on dislocations, as far as I know.

Moreover, Erteschik-Shir (1997) argues that topics must be referential if deWnite and speciWc if indeWnite. However, a CLLD or CLRD constituent can be an existential indeWnite, an adjective or a PP, as I showed above: ? 27) - Has comprat mobles? ’ -De cadires, encara no n’he comprat, pero de taules sı´. neut e´s. 29) A Barcelona no hi vaig des de fa temps. 30) N’hi han, de cadires. ’ To conclude, the ‘‘topic as old information’’ approach does not provide us with a useful conceptual framework to study dislocations: ‘‘topic things’’ can stay in situ while ‘‘non-topic things’’ can be dislocated.

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