By ROSA VALLEJOS YOPÁN
This dissertation is a entire grammar of Kokama-Kokamilla (KK), as spoken by means of approximately a thousand elders within the Peruvian Amazon. It provides precise documentation of the buildings of the language and the services they serve, with wealthy exemplification. This research is predicated on major fieldwork due to the fact that 1997, permitting the research to be grounded in textual content facts. one in all KK's such a lot salient typological positive aspects is a morphological contrast among female and male speech in numerous grammatical different types. significant grammatical different types like individual, quantity, stressful, and modality are conveyed by way of positionally fastened clitics. 5 stressful clitics encode 3 levels of distance into the previous and into the long run. There also are six epistemic modal clitics, which engage to create a four-way modal procedure. not one of the twelve suffixes is compulsory, yet, in language use, as many as 4 can happen jointly on a unmarried verb, via as much as clitics. Syntactically, KK has intransitive and transitive clauses, yet semantically three-place predicates are syntactically encoded through transitive clauses. There are six directive structures that distinguish levels of pragmatic strength. one other noteworthy aspect is the a number of kinds of function clause which vary when it comes to coreference, managed by means of the matrix clause absolutive argument instead of the topic. Clause nominalization is a significant subordination approach, fairly in relativization, that's principally accomplished through an absolutive nominalizer. Pragmatically, KK has structures that explicitly distinguish subtypes of concentration in response to scope (narrow/broad) and pragmatic details (contrastive/noncontrastive). This bears on theories approximately even if distinction easily emerges from conversational implicature, as opposed to should be explicitly coded by way of committed grammar. details constitution additionally explains the distribution of alternating pronominal types and constituent orders. even though lengthy categorised as Tupí-Guaraní, fresh resear
xxix, 918 p. : unwell. (some col.), maps
Adviser: Spike Gildea, Chairperson; Committee participants: Doris Payne; Scott DeLancey; Francisco Queixalos; Lawrence Sugiyama Read more...
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Additional resources for A grammar of Kokama-Kokamilla
Next he goes above. Then his son is born, the little boa. After he is born, he goes far away. He arrives to a lake with shores full of good-ripen cocona (Solanum sessiliflorum)… Once there, he remembers his mother. How would I be able to recognize my mother? Where might she be. Far away she must be. Maybe she would listen if I call her, that‟s what he thinks. For real, he raises his head from his lying. He calls “wiii”; he does it loud. Nothing shows up. He keeps on whistling for a while. Then all kinds of boas come closer.
In that village, everyone looks for him to cure them with only a look. So he cures the sick people. In another village, the same; in another village, the same… By then he‟s a young man. He finds a woman; he too makes her pregnant with only a look. And then, this kid is born, a boy… This woman makes her son dance saying: I was transformed into a person here in the cocona lake. I won‟t be called boa, I‟ll be called Kukama. And then from a little boa, the kukamas appear at this lake shore of coconas.
Uriaka ra kumitsa, ra kumitsa tsupara. Ra kumitsa: kukamiriakɨra, kukamiriakɨra. Rikua Kukamiria riay emete… you here? Why did you call me? She says. To know you, that‟s why I called you. It‟s OK, son, you will no longer be a boa. You will be like your father. You will get your father‟s wisdom. You are not going back to the lake, this is what she says. When I call your father, you will turn into a person. You will no longer be a boa; do you hear? I hear, he says. And he becomes a person. You too, with only a look you will cure all the people, will make women pregnant.