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Extra info for A grammar of Mualang : an Ibanic language of western Kalimantan, Indonesia
O. fish trap ‘to hide’ Some clusters occur frequently due to the fact that they are easy to pronounce. In these clusters, syncopation occurs relatively independent of speech tempo, while also some of the clusters seem to be considered as genuine consonant clusters by native speakers rather than reduced syllables. Examples of these are mpliaw ‘(tailless) gibbon’, p֙aw ‘proa’. : /pђsta/ ‘feast’, /bђ֙sih/ ‘clean’, /bђ֙kat/ ‘blessing’, /tђ֙bay/ ‘to fly’, /kђ֙ja/ ‘to work’, /ցђ֙ցasi/ ’name of a ghost’.
3 / C__ + C /ba- + ֙an’aw/ [b֙andaw] (ANPAS-visit) ‘have a visit, play around’ /pђ֙- + ati/ [p֙ati] (CAUSE-heart) ‘to pay attention to’ /֊ђ- + lalin/ [֊lalگn] (ACT-plait) ‘plait’ /sђ- + bilik/ [sbilϯk] (ONE-room) ‘one room’ Glottal stop insertion A non-phonemic glottal stop may be inserted in between a CV-prefix and the base if the base begins with a vowel. 2 above). 4 Nasal assimilation in N-prefixation Since both the nominalizer pђ(N)- and the active prefix N- contain a nasal segment that undergoes largely the same processes of nasal assimilation when attached to their host, I will analyze them together.
Pђsta/ ‘feast’, /bђ֙sih/ ‘clean’, /bђ֙kat/ ‘blessing’, /tђ֙bay/ ‘to fly’, /kђ֙ja/ ‘to work’, /ցђ֙ցasi/ ’name of a ghost’. As the examples mpliaw and ֊kra֊an show, even sequences of three consonants occur when a root already contains a sequence nasal—voiceless stop, hence NC1C2V2; another example is /mplawak/ ‘spider’. In such cases the nasal either becomes syllabic or is less manifested. : /cucuk/ ‘suitable, match’, /sђsat/ ‘to get lost’. : /tucuk/, /tђsat/, /daْ’i/ ‘promise’ (< *janji). 4 Stress Mualang shows variation in stress, that is, relative prominence in duration and pitch with concomitant changes in vowel timbre.