By Thomas Vaughan
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Extra info for A grammar of the Turkish language
The first type is a rising vowel sequence that always ends in high front vowel /ɪ/ with any other cardinal vowel as its first member. This type is schematically represented in (33). (33) Rising vowel sequence /ɪ/ /u/ /ɛ/ /ɔ/ / ɑ/ Rising vowel sequences are exemplified below: (34) /ɑɪ/ [’fɑjsɛ’wɑŋ] [fɑ’hɑj] [ku’pɑj] [kɑɪk] [wɑɪk] /’fɑɪsɛ’wɑŋ/ /fɑ’hɑɪ/ /ku’pɑɪ/ /kɑɪk/ /wɑɪk/ faisewang fahai kupai kaik waik ‘bamboo floater’ ‘sea crocodile’ ‘forest’ ‘orphan’ ‘dirt’ 36 (35) CHAPTER II /ɛɪ/ [mɑ’nɛj] [tɪ’lɛj] manei tilei /mɑ’nɛɪ/ /tɪ’lɛɪ/ ‘string’ ‘comb’ */lɛɪk/ Note that the vowel sequence of /ɛ/ followed by /ɪ/ occurs in a closed syllable.
In this section, I discuss the prosodic words in three subgroups according to their composition and function. These factors seem to be reflected by the phonological shape of each group. 1, I discuss Abui nouns. Abui nouns tend to be morphologically simple and consist of maximally three syllables allowing heavy syllables typically in word-final position and in a few cases in the penultimate position. 2, I give an overview of loans that are adapted to Abui prosodic word structure. 3. They tend to be morphologically complex and consist of up to five syllables.
AL-house ‘father’s house’ 14 CHAPTER I NOUN PHRASES. In an NP, Abui nouns (N) combine, in addition to possessive inflection (PROPOSS), with a number of adnominal modifiers such as deictic demonstratives (DEICT), modifier nouns (NMOD), stative verbs (V), adjectives (ADJ), quantifiers (QUANT), and anaphoric demonstratives (DEM) in a fixed order, as illustrated in (4). (4) NP Æ (DEICT) (NPOSS PROPOSS-) N (NMOD) (ADJ/V) (QUANT) (DEM) Optionally, an NP may be modified by a modifier linked to the head noun with the linker ba (LNK); typically, a relative clause (RC).