By Alan C. L. Yu
This publication provides the 1st cross-linguistic research of the phenomenon of infixation, more often than not linked in English with phrases like "im-bloody-possible", and located in the entire world's significant linguistic households. Infixation is a principal puzzle in prosodic morphology: Professor Yu explores its prosodic, phonological, and morphological features, considers its varied services, and formulates a normal thought to give an explanation for the foundations and constraints in which it truly is ruled. He examines 154 infixation styles from over 100 languages, together with examples from Asia, Europe, Africa, New Guinea, and South the United States. He compares the formal houses of other varieties of infix, explores the diversity of diachronic pathways that result in them, and considers the methods wherein they're got in first language studying. A critical argument of the booklet issues the concept that the typological developments of language should be traced again to its origins and to the mechanisms of language transmission. The e-book therefore combines the heritage of infixation with an exploration of the position diachronic and useful components play in synchronic argumentation: it truly is an exemplary example of the holistic method of linguistic explanation.Alan Yu's pioneering learn will curiosity phonologists and morphologists of all theoretical persuasions, in addition to typologists and ancient linguists.
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Extra resources for A Natural History of Infixation (Oxford Studies in Theoretical Linguistics)
30) Edgemost(L, um) The morpheme um is located at the left edge; is a preWx. Onset Syllables must begin with a consonant. Dep-C Do not epenthesize consonants. /um, tata / DEP-C ONSET Fa. tumata * b. umtata c. umtata d. tatuma EDGEMOST(L, um) *! *! ** If inWxation were indeed the result of phonological constraints taking precedence over morphological ones, and phonological constraints are constraints penalizing marked structures, it follows that one should never expect to Wnd instances of inWxation that yield structures that are more marked than their preWxing or suYxing counterparts.
O? ¸i¸po me¸ko? kwe¸po? , in Alabama *lo:ti or *o:til instead of o:lti ‘kindling’). Similarly, in Archi, a Daghestanian language spoken in the Caucasus, the number/class markers, -w-, -r-, and -b-, always appear after the Wrst vowel of the stem, regardless of whether the stem is vowel-initial or vowel-Wnal (Kibrik and Kodzasov 1988). (60) daxi dabxdi ‘to churn (AOR, III)’ (Kibrik and Kodzasov 1988: 33) ak’a abk’u ‘to drive (AOR, III)’ (Kibrik and Kodzasov 1988: 33) axa abxu ‘to lie down (AOR, III)’ (Kibrik 1989: 458) To be sure, a preWxal variant of the class markers is available.
However, such an approach falters when the paradigmatic relation is either diYcult to motivate or provides no useful information. 6 Conclusion This chapter presents an overview of the nature of inWxation from both descriptive and theoretical perspectives. Formally, inWxes have been treated as either the result of phonological readjustment or as the result of morphophonological mismatch due to phonological subcategorization. , Kaufman 2003; McCarthy and Prince 1993a). That is, phonological readjustment-induced aYx reordering, which results in surface inWxation, can be derived from constraint interaction alone, an integral part of the explanatory machinery of Optimality Theory.