By Morton S. Freeman
Do you approve of censoring the works of serious writers? a few may perhaps contend that to bowdlerize an outstanding writer's paintings will be to decrease its total caliber. Others, like Thomas Bowdler, whose eraser danced over each Shakespeare play, may argue that each one modest humans might be capable of learn an exceptional paintings with no blushing. For attacking the classics, Mr. Bowdler has been immortalized because the world's best-known, self-appointed literary censor. and thanks to his efforts the time period bowdlerize has turn into eponymous along with his identify. on the other hand, the observe bikini--defined as a two-piece bathing go well with for women--has been a linguistic secret considering the fact that 1947 while those fits have been first noticeable at the shorelines of the French Riviera, a yr after the U.S. begun trying out atom bombs at the Bikini atoll of the Marshall Islands. a few surprised humans acknowledged that the influence of the scanty suit on male seashore loungers used to be just like the devastating impression of the atomic bomb. Whoosh! a less complicated and extra credible thought is that the bold swimsuits resembled the apparel worn by means of girls at the Bikini atoll.
Created a few century in the past, the time period eponym is itself a coinage from Greek phrases, epi, "on" or "upon," and onama, "a name." yet its broadened which means, as dictionaries set it out, refers to a notice derived from a formal identify. for example, Salisbury steak--a well known diner menu merchandise produced from universal hamburger and dressed up with brown gravy to make it extra appealing--is named for James H. Salisbury, an English medical professional who promoted a vitamin of flooring pork.
A Dictionary of Eponyms explores the origins of hundreds of thousands of those daily phrases from Argyle socks to zeppelins. Written in an wonderful and anecdotal sort, and with a foreword by means of Edwin Newman, the booklet incorporates a short biography of the person whose identify turned linked to an merchandise or proposal in addition to info on how and while the identify entered the language.
If you've ever questioned simply the place phrases like cardigan sweater, pamphlet, and robot come from, Morton Freeman does greater than easily outline them--he brings them to lifestyles.
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Additional info for A New Dictionary of Eponyms
At a public gathering in Dublin, Boycott was recognized — and cheered! Although to boycott and to send to Coventry mean the same thing, the latter expression arose much earlier in time. At the beginning of the war between Charles I and Parliament, Royalist prisoners were sent to the Cromwell stronghold of Coventry for safekeeping. The citizens of Coventry, especially the women, shunned them; they were soundly ostracized. BRAILLE The system of writing and printing for the blind, known as Braille, is eponymous for Louis Braille, its inventor (1809-1852).
His young nephew Giovanni was given a cardinal's hat. Talk about family favoritism! To dine at the Borgias became known as a great but sometimes fatal honor. ' " BOSWELL, BOSWELLIZE James Boswell (1740-1795) has been regarded as the foremost biographer in English literature. His great masterpiece was The Life of Samuel Johnson, the great compiler of the English dictionary. Thomas Macaulay ranked the biography first among biographies of all time. Boswell was born in Edinburgh and educated there and in Glasgow, and the University of Utrecht in Holland.
ANGISM Boulangism is a wave of political hysteria that swept over France, especially in Paris, during the years 1886-1889. Its purpose was to support General Georges Ernest Jean Marie Boulanger (1837-1891), a military leader who advocated revenge on Germany. As Minister of War (1886— 1887), he achieved some popularity for army reforms, but more particularly for his handsome military figure. When he was relieved of his command, his approval rating did not drop; it increased. Boulanger acquired the title Man on Horseback because he habitually appeared before the public mounted on a magnificent charger.