A Typology of Purpose Clauses by Karsten Schmidtke-Bode

By Karsten Schmidtke-Bode

This e-book offers the 1st finished typology of goal clause structures within the world’s languages. in accordance with a stratified kind pattern of eighty languages, it uncovers the cohesion and variety of the morphosyntactic potential through which purposive kinfolk are coded, and discusses the prestige of function clauses within the syntactic and conceptual area of complicated sentences. causes for considerably recurrent coding styles are couched in a usage-based method of language constitution, which will pay due recognition to the cognitive and communicative pressures on utilization occasions regarding function clauses, to frequency distributions of grammatical offerings in corpora, and to the ways that utilization personal tastes conventionalize in pathways of diachronic swap. The booklet integrates different earlier strands of study on goal clauses with a radical empirical research in its personal correct and hence displays the present state-of-the-art of crosslinguistic study into this unique kind of adverbial clause.An appendix to A Typology of function Clauses are available at the author's site: www.karsten-schmidtke.net/purpose

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Consequently, there is no strict communicative need to overtly specify the temporal location of the purposive situation. We find here a classic case of economical behaviour rooted in the predictability of information in discourse. Speakers can afford to omit overt temporal information, thus being able to make an economical choice for a shorter, less overtly marked non-finite purpose clause construction (cf. also Jespersen 1924 or Haiman 1983 for the general idea). This motivates the cases in which tense-aspect marking is absent from a purposive construction.

The particular meaning(s) associated with an individual linguistic unit. Instead, they rely, firstly, on universal conceptual-semantic concepts, “meanings which presumably any human being can conceive of ” (Haspelmath 2008a: 13). e. intentional, action is precisely such a universal functional concept. 6 It is simply a vital characteristic of human beings that we act, not only instinctively, but largely consciously and intentionally. We direct our actions to achieve certain goals that match our intentions.

These problems have, of course, long been noticed by typologists. Greenberg (1966: 74) already suggested that “in identifying […] phenomena in languages of differing structure, one is basically employing semantic criteria” (cf. also Kibrik 1985). g. g. Bickel 2003 on referential density), it is more correct to speak of functional (rather than strictly semantic) definitions. g. Diessel’s [1999] definition of demonstratives, or Pustet’s [1993] identification of copulas across languages). For these reasons, a more comprehensive notion of a cross-linguistic tertium comparationis has emerged in the typological literature.

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