By J B Good
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Additional resources for A vocabulary and outlines of grammar of the Nitlakapamuk or Thompson tongue : the Indian language spoken between Yale, Lillooet, Cache Creek and Nicola Lake : together with a phonetic Chinook dictionary, adapted for use in the province of British Columbia
A head cannot take another head as a complement (Kayne (199): 8). d. A head cannot have more than one complement (Kayne (199): 136, fn. 28). Along with these standard properties of X-bar theories, the following special properties can also be derived from the LCA (via the de®nition of c-command based on the segment/category distinction): (21) a. A speci®er is an adjunct (Kayne (199): 17). b. There can at most be one adjunct/speci®er per phrase (Kayne (199): 22). c. At most one head can adjoin to another head (Kayne (199): 20¨ ).
7 In sum, although the predicative relation may involve a form of agreement, agreement cannot be a necessary condition for establishing this relation. 8 Small clauses may display subject-predicate agreement, as in the case of AP predicates, but this should be regarded as an independent fact that has nothing to do with predication. Rather, agreement depends on the speci®c morphological necessities of the predicate in a given language. In other words, there are no reasons to analyze small clauses (uniformly) as projections of Agr 0 heads.
Let us look at the data: (6) Gianni ritiene [SC [DP questi libri] [DP la causa della rivolta]]. these books the cause of-the riot Gianni considers Clearly, there is no agreement at all, not even number agreement. The two DPs enter into a predicative relation without matching any component of their f-features. Of course, this is not to say that agreement is impossible in Italian nominal small clauses. In cases like the following, it is in fact obligatory: (7) a. pl Gianni considers amiche]]. pl 36 Chapter 3 b.