Abstract Phonology in a Concrete Model: Cognitive by Nesset, Tore

By Nesset, Tore

This booklet is appropriate for phonologists, morphologists, Slavists and cognitive linguists, and addresses questions: How can the morphology-phonology interface be accommodated in cognitive linguistics? Do morphophonological alternations have a which means? those questions are explored through a entire research of stem alternations in Russian verbs. The research is couched in R.W. Langacker's Cognitive Grammar framework, and the publication bargains comparisons to different sorts of cognitive linguistics, corresponding to development Grammar and Conceptual Integration. The proposed research is moreover in comparison to rule-based and constraint-based methods to phonology in generative grammar. with out resorting to underlying representations or procedural principles, the Cognitive Linguistics framework enables an insightful method of summary phonology, providing the real good thing about restrictiveness. Cognitive Grammar presents an research of a complete morphophonological method when it comes to a parsimonious set of theoretical constructs that each one have cognitive motivation. No advert hoc equipment is invoked, and the research yields robust empirical predictions. one other virtue is that Cognitive Grammar can establish the that means of morphophonological alternations. for instance, it really is argued that stem alternations in Russian verbs conspire to sign non-past that means. This publication is available to a vast readership and provides a welcome contribution to phonology and morphology, that have been understudied in cognitive linguistics.

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In many cases, the properties of the whole are not the sum of the parts’ properties. Well-known examples are compounds like blackbird. Although it is clear that the meaning has something to do with the meanings of black and bird, these two concepts are not sufficient to characterize the meaning of the compound. g. ravens). As pointed out by Langacker (1987: 448ff), non-compositional examples like this are not problematic for Cognitive Grammar. 4, while the meaning of the parts can be represented in the bottom part.

Janda (2004) has shown that the category of aspect in Russian can be analyzed in terms of spatial metaphor. Metaphors like argument is war and time is space represent mappings between two domains. A theoretical framework that accommodates mappings between more than two domains is known as Conceptual Integration or Conceptual Blending. Fauconnier and Turner (2002) propose a network model with four or more interrelated mental spaces. By way of illustration, consider the example (discussed at length in Fauconnier andTurner 2002: 18–21), where someone suggests that what the USA needs is Margaret Thatcher as its president.

In many cases, the properties of the whole are not the sum of the parts’ properties. Well-known examples are compounds like blackbird. Although it is clear that the meaning has something to do with the meanings of black and bird, these two concepts are not sufficient to characterize the meaning of the compound. g. ravens). As pointed out by Langacker (1987: 448ff), non-compositional examples like this are not problematic for Cognitive Grammar. 4, while the meaning of the parts can be represented in the bottom part.

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