By R. M. W. Dixon, Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald
The reviews during this quantity recommend that each language has an adjective type, yet those range in personality and in measurement. In its grammatical homes, an adjective category may well beas just like nouns, or to verbs, or to either, or to neither.ze. while in a few languages the adjective classification is big and will be freely additional to, in others it really is small and closed. with only a dozen or so contributors. The e-book will curiosity students and complex scholars of language typology and of the syntax and semantics of adjectives.
Read or Download Adjective Classes: A Cross-Linguistic Typology (Explorations in Linguistic Typology) PDF
Best grammar books
During this unique learn, Hilde Hasselg? rd discusses using adverbials in English, via reading examples present in daily texts. Adverbials - clause components that usually seek advice from conditions of time, area, cause and demeanour - conceal various meanings and will be positioned in the beginning, within the heart or on the finish of a sentence.
Focusing totally on Swedish, a Germanic language whose debris haven't formerly been studied greatly, Non-Projecting phrases: A Case research on Swedish debris develops a idea of non-projecting phrases within which debris are morphologically autonomous phrases that don't undertaking words. debris have lengthy constituted a puzzle for Germanic syntax, as they convey homes of either morphological and syntactic constructs.
Ergativity is among the major demanding situations either for linguistic and acquisition theories. This ebook is exclusive, taking a cross-linguistic method of the purchase of ergativity in a wide number of typologically distinctive languages. The chapters conceal languages from diversified households and from diverse geographic parts with diversified expressions of ergativity.
- The grammar of autobiography: a developmental account
- Scrambling and the Survive Principle (Linguistik Aktuell Linguistics Today)
- Spectrum Reading, Grade 6
- L'enonciation mediatisee (Bibliotheque de l'Information Grammaticale)
Extra resources for Adjective Classes: A Cross-Linguistic Typology (Explorations in Linguistic Typology)
Verbs take aspect, modality, and mood suffixes, and nouns take plural marking; none of these is available to adjectives. An adjective may modify a noun in an NP, may occur in a comparative constriction, and maybe complement in a verbless (copula-type) construction. (3) Mam (Mayan family). Although adjectives (and also nouns) can function as intransitive predicate, they take none of the TAM suffixes available to verbs; adjectives share no significant properties with nouns. Nora England provides a full and insightful account in Chapter 5 below.
This was illustrated by (ia/b) in §2; see also Chapter 4 below. There is an explanation for the rich syntactic possibilities available to adjectives in Tariana. Their functioning as intransitive predicate is an inherited property, shared with other Arawak languages. Their functioning as copula complement is a property which has been borrowed from East Tucanoan languages, as one aspect of the large-scale diffusion of grammatical patterns that characterizes the Vaupes linguistic area (to which Tariana and East Tucanoan languages belong).
4. Different possibilities in comparative constructions Not all languages have a comparative construction (types of comparative construction were illustrated in (9-10) above). In some of the languages that do, the 'parameter of comparison' can only be an adjective, but in others there are wider possibilities. In Edo, for example, both adjectives and verbs may occur in comparative constructions (Omoruyi 1986). However, in some languages only adjectives can be compared, and this furnishes a criterion for distinguishing between adjective and verb classes; such a property applies to Toba-Batak (Nababan 1981: 71-2), Korean, North-East Ambae, Qiang, and Lao (Chapters 9,11,13, and 14 below).