By Petra Sleeman, Freek Van de Velde, Harry Perridon
Even supposing the Germanic and Romance languages are branches of a similar language kinfolk and even if either have built the adjective as a separate syntactic and morphological type, the syntax, morphology, and interpretation of adjectives is in no way an analogous in those language teams, and there's even edition inside of all of the language teams. one of many major goals of this quantity is to map the variations and similarities in syntactic habit, morphology, and that means of the Germanic and Romance adjective and to discover a solution to the next query: Are the (dis)similarities the results of independent advancements in all of the branches of the Indo-European language relations, or are they brought on by language touch?
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Extra info for Adjectives in Germanic and Romance
Paris: Payot. Schachter, Paul. 1985. Parts-of-speech systems. In Language Typology and Syntactic Description, Vol. ), 3–61. Cambridge: CUP. Schoorlemmer, Erik. 2009. Agreement, Dominance and Doubling: The Morphosyntax of DP. D. dissertation, Leiden University. Schoorlemmer, Erik. 2012. Definiteness marking in Germanic: Morphological variations on the same syntactic theme. Journal of Comparative German Linguistics 15: 107–156. Sleeman, Petra. 2011. Verbal and adjectival participles: Internal structure and position.
Type A is named flexible modifier (Salazar García 2013). In order to complete the typology, we should add Type C for adverbs with an own underived form (Engl. well, Fr. ) and periphrastic solutions (Type D). The latter would be a ‘rigid’ strategy in languages without adjectives and manner adverbs (cf. H engeveld 1992: 65). He works so hard. b. Those people talk loud. They suffer long. d. The wax melts so readily. e. This meat cooks easily. He is so hard-working. Those people are loud-talking.
In Adjectives and Adverbs, Luisa McNally & Chris Kennedy (eds), 71–100. Oxford: OUP. Dryer, Matthew S. 1998. Aspects of word order in the languages of Europe. ), 283–319. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. Emonds, Joe. 1976. A Transformational Approach to English Syntax: Root, Structure-Preserving and Local Transformations. New York NY: Academic Press. Enger, Hans-Olav. 2013. Morphological theory and grammaticalisation: The role of meaning and local generalisations. Language Sciences 36: 18–31. Faarlund, Jan Terje.