Advanced Avionics Handbook by U. S. Department of Transportation, Federal Aviation

By U. S. Department of Transportation, Federal Aviation Administration

The complicated Avionics guide is a brand new ebook designed to supply basic aviation clients with finished info on complex avionics apparatus to be had in technically complex airplane. This instruction manual introduces the pilot to flight operations in airplane with the newest built-in “glass cockpit” complicated avionics platforms. This guide is designed as a technical reference for pilots who function airplane with complicated avionics structures. no matter if flying a standard airplane that includes a worldwide positioning procedure (GPS) navigation receiver or a brand new airplane with the newest built-in “glass cockpit” complex avionics method, you want to locate this instruction manual beneficial in getting all started. the coming of latest expertise to basic aviation plane has generated seen alterations in 3 components: info, automation, and techniques. Pilots now have an extraordinary volume of knowledge to be had at their fingertips. digital flight tools use leading edge suggestions to figure out airplane perspective, pace, and altitude, featuring a wealth of knowledge in a single or extra built-in shows. a collection of cockpit info structures presents pilots with facts approximately airplane place, deliberate direction, engine well-being and function, in addition to surrounding climate, site visitors, and terrain. complicated avionics structures can instantly practice many initiatives that pilots and navigators formerly did by means of hand. for instance, a space navigation (RNAV) or flight administration approach (FMS) unit accepts an inventory of issues that outline a flight course, and immediately plays lots of the direction, distance, time, and gas calculations. as soon as en direction, the FMS or RNAV unit can constantly music the location of the plane with appreciate to the flight path, and reveal the direction, time, and distance ultimate to every aspect alongside the deliberate course. An autopilot is able to instantly guidance the plane alongside the direction that has been entered within the FMS or RNAV process. complex avionics practice many features and change the navigator and pilot in so much systems. besides the fact that, with the potential for failure in any given approach, the pilot has to be capable of practice the mandatory features within the occasion of an apparatus failure. Pilot skill to accomplish within the occasion of apparatus failure(s) ability last present and knowledgeable in reaching the handbook initiatives, preserving keep an eye on of the plane manually (referring in simple terms to standby or backup instrumentation), and adhering to the air site visitors regulate (ATC) clearance acquired or asked. Pilots of contemporary complex avionics airplane needs to research and perform backup methods to keep up their talents and information. possibility administration ideas require the flight team to continuously have a backup or replacement plan, and/or break out path. complicated avionics airplane relieve pilots of a lot of the minute-to-minute tedium of daily flights, yet call for even more preliminary and recurrent education to preserve the abilities and information essential to reply competently to disasters and emergencies. The FMS or RNAV unit and autopilot supply the pilot various tools of plane operation. Pilots can practice the navigational initiatives themselves and manually regulate the plane, or decide to automate either one of those projects and imagine a managerial function because the platforms practice their tasks. equally, details platforms now to be had within the cockpit offer many recommendations for acquiring facts appropriate to the flight. complicated avionics structures current 3 very important studying demanding situations as you increase skillability: 1. the way to function complicated avionics platforms; 2. Which complex avionics structures to exploit and while; three. How complicated avionics structures have an effect on the pilot and how the pilot flies

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Arriving at the Active Waypoint As the aircraft reaches the active waypoint, there are four new tasks for the pilot: (1) recognizing imminent arrival at the active waypoint; (2) leading the turn to avoid overshooting the course to the next waypoint; (3) making the next waypoint the new active waypoint; and (4) selecting the desired course to the new active waypoint. All FMS/RNAV computers offer a sequencing mode that greatly simplifies the performance of the first three of these tasks. Sequencing mode provides three services: waypoint alerting, turn anticipation, and waypoint sequencing.

It uses a local error VHF transmitter near the runway providing a direct link from the sensor to the aircraft GPS receiver. Alternate Airports It is very important to know what equipment is installed in the aircraft. GPS-based FMS/RNAV units certified to TSO-C145A or TSO-146A may be used when an alternate airport is required in the flight plan for the approaches at the destination and alternate airport if the WAAS is operational. No other navigation avionics would be required. Units certified under TSO-C129 are not authorized for alternate approach requirements.

The configuration of these systems must remain part of your mode situational awareness at all times. One strategy is to include “mode checks” as part of your checklist or callout procedures. For example, after programming a route into the FMS, verify that the navigation indicator shows course guidance from the desired source, and that the indication agrees with your estimate of the correct direction and distance of flight. Essential Skills 1. Determine whether the FMS is approved for the planned flight operation.

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