Adverbial Subordination: A Typology and History of Adverbial by Bernd Kortmann

By Bernd Kortmann

The sequence is a platform for contributions of every kind to this speedily constructing box. basic difficulties are studied from the point of view of person languages, language households, language teams, or language samples. Conclusions are the results of a deepened learn of empirical info. detailed emphasis is given to little-known languages, whose research might shed new mild on long-standing difficulties ordinarily linguistics.

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Radford 1988: 135). In essence, the state of the art concerning the status of adverbial subordinators in generative theory, including Rauh (1993), can be characterized as follows. First, like traditional prepositions, adverbs and particles, adverbial subordinators form a subcategory of the category Ρ (for Preposition), which in turn counts as a major lexical (head-of-phrase) category along with nouns, verbs and adjectives. Second, it is still unclear what determines the range of complements a member of the category Ρ can take, i.

2. 3. Cognitive semantics Another rich source of inspiration for this study has been cognitive semantics, especially of the brand associated with the writings by Elizabeth Closs Traugott (beginning with Traugott 1982) and Eve Sweetser (culminating in Sweetser 1990). This type of cognitive semantics also draws on (Neo-)Gricean hypotheses and principles like Levinson's Principle of Informativeness (1983: 146 — 147, 1987). Central to their studies in the semantics and pragmatics of, among other things, adverbial connectives is the concept of semantic relatedness: what they are ultimately striving for is a unified, motivated account of polysemy, observable semantic changes, and pragmatic ambiguities in terms of fundamental cognitive processes at work in communication and human perception of the world (cf.

Thus the assumption of iconicity in language, as explored and illustrated in various publications by John Haiman (1980, 1985a, 1985b) and Talmy Givón (1985, 1990), provides fruitful ideas on what can be learnt about conceptual structure via the analysis of linguistic structure, espe- 2. Theoretical foundations 15 daily, of course, when comparing data from a wide range of languages. For instance, the degree of coding (involving especially a decrease in formal complexity, morphological and semantic reconstructability, and an increase in semantic and functional variability and, possibly, frequency of use) may serve as an indicator of what kinds of concepts can be said to be central or peripheral to the language user, or (maybe: and thus) cognitively primitive or complex.

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