By Hans P. Binswanger-Mkhize, Camille Bourguignon, Rogier J. E. van den Brink
Regardless of 250 years of land reform around the globe, very important land inequalities stay, particularly in Latin the USA and southern Africa. whereas in those areas, there's close to consensus at the desire for redistribution, a lot controversy persists round how you can redistribute land peacefully and legally, usually blocking off growth on implementation. This e-book specializes in the 'how' of land redistribution which will forge higher consensus between land reform practitioners and permit them to make larger offerings at the mechanisms of land reform.
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Extra resources for Agricultural Land Redistribution: Toward Greater Consensus (Agriculture and Rural Development Series)
The factors discussed at the beginning of this chapter play an important role: (1) the case for land redistribution is strong but based on evidence that is counterintuitive, (2) there is no agreement among the specialists on how to redistribute land, and (3) there is a lack of rigorous empirical evidence on the impact of land reform. The opposition of certain interest groups (such as largescale farmers) and the ability of affected stakeholders to challenge new laws in court also slow down the process.
However, there are numerous examples where the coordination problem has been solved by contract farming with small farmers rather than by backward integration into farming. INTRODUCTION AND SUMMARY 11 The defining feature of family farms is not farm size per se, but rather their primary reliance on family labor instead of hired labor. What constitutes a “small” farm will vary because of differences in soil fertility, rainfall distribution, market development, technology, and the opportunity cost of capital and labor in the economy.
This tenancy reform resulted in a significant redistribution of income (see chapter 9). In South Africa, laws were passed in the mid-1990s to prevent illegal evictions and confer certain land property rights on farmworkers. The laws’ impact is still unknown, but only a few cases actually have been settled under those laws. The laws also have done little to stem the decline of farm employment on South Africa’s commercial farms and may have contributed to preemptive evictions by landowners (see chapters 6 and 7).