By Niall Shanks
Animals and technological know-how examines what technological know-how has (and has no longer) taught us in regards to the nature of nonhuman animals and explores the ethical, non secular, social, and clinical implications of these teachings. It exhibits how the clinical examine of animals, particularly their cognitive talents, has remodeled our realizing of them. Animals and technology lines our evolving figuring out of animal discomfort and considers its ethical relevance to people. It discusses Darwin's belief-shattering inspiration that species transformations usually are not absolute, then lines its impression to the current day.
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Additional info for Animals and Science: A Guide to the Debates (Controversies in Science)
When it spread to Europe, it reduced the population by up to 30 million people—about one-third of the population (Biddle 1995, p. 167). Other diseases would have taken a grim toll as well. These would include diseases such as leprosy, diphtheria, scarlet fever, whooping cough, mumps, measles, smallpox, and polio, to name but a few. These diseases accounted for a very high level of infant mortality—levels that would not decline significantly until the twentieth century. Insect-borne diseases such as malaria were also prevalent in medieval Europe.
Of small houndes hadde she that she fedde With rosted flessh, or milk or wastel-breed. But soore wepte she if oon of hem were deed, Or if men smoot it with a yerde smerte; And al was conscience and tendre herte. (Winny 1965, p. 59) By contrast, Chaucer’s worldly monk had a purely instrumental view of animals as creatures for his own use. He kept a stable of horses, enjoyed hunting, and did not give a fig for the religious authorities: He yaf nat of that text a pulled hen, That seith that hunters ben nat hooly men.
But it is also part and parcel of the new methods that are both shaping, and being reflected in, medical inquiry in the Renaissance. Harvey:The Heart of the Matter After graduating from Cambridge, William Harvey (1578- 1657) spent five years at the University of Padua working with Fabrizio di Aquapendente (1537–1619), who was Galileo’s personal physician. It was at Padua that Harvey came to understand and appreciate the importance of comparative anatomy. Harvey’s use of the resolutio-compositive method, along with the use of explicit mechanical metaphors, can be found in the context of work on the motions of the heart—published in 1628 as De Motu Cordis et Sanguinis (Of the Motions of the Heart and Blood)—work that was made possible only through extensive experimentation on a wide variety of animal subjects.